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Tower Foundation Mapping

ACER’s Foundation Mapping and Pile Integrity Testing scope of work includes Non Destructive Testing (NDT) using ground penetrating radar (GPR), Sonic Echo/Impulse Response (SE/IR) testing, and rebar location equipment to determine the dimensions of the existing tower foundations, and arrangement and sizes of steel reinforcement to assist with the design of appropriate structural upgrades that may be required to improve the foundation.  In order to determine the depth and integrity of the support foundation, ACER conducts Non-Destructive Testing (NDT) utilizing an Olson Instruments NDE 360 System for Sonic Echo/Impulse Response (SE/IR) testing.  Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) and a James Instruments R-Meter MK III Basic System or Profometer PM-650 Rebar Locator System are used to determine rebar location depth and diameter, when accessible.


The Sonic Echo (SE) test method is a low strain integrity test conducted from the top of the shaft as shown in the image below.  The test involves hitting the foundation top with the hammer to generate energy that travels to the bottom of the foundation.  The wave reflects off irregularities (cracks, necks, bulbs, soil intrusions, voids, etc.) and/or the bottom of the foundation and travels back along the foundation to the top.  The receiver measures the vibration response of the foundation to each impact.  The signal analyzer processes and displays the hammer and receiver outputs.  Foundation length and integrity of concrete are evaluated by identifying and analyzing the arrival times, direction, and amplitude of reflections measured by the receivers in time.


Totowa Monopole Tower Foundation Mapping

ACER conducted Non-Destructive Testing on the foundation of the monopole to determine the size and dimensions of the foundation.  ACER utilized a combination of Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) and Sonic Echo/Impulse Response (SE/IR) to identify...


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Sonic Echo Impulse Response
Deep Foundation Testing
James Instruments R-Meter
Induction Data

The Impulse Response (IR) test method is also an echo test and uses the same test equipment as the SE method.  The test procedures are similar to the SE test procedures, but the data processing is different.  The IR method involves frequency domain data processing.  In this method the vibration responses of the foundation are measured by the receivers are processed to determine foundation length and integrity.


Rebar detection is performed using a James Instruments R-Meter MK III or Profometer PM-650 rebar locating systems.  These instruments utilize pulse induction and microprocessor technology to precisely locate and measure reinforcement bars in concrete.  ACER uses this device in conjunction with GPR to estimate the depth and size of the steel reinforcing material.

Additional Geophysics & Non-Destructive Testing Services Provided by ACER:
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